President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has sent a message of congratulations to the government and people of Sierra Leone on the occasion commemorating the country’s 54th independence anniversary.In her message to President Ernest Bai Koromah, President Sirleaf acknowledged that the observance of the 54th Independence Anniversary of Sierra Leone comes at the critical point when the three countries within the Mano River Union (MRU) region have committed themselves to utilizing the full potential of their people and mobilizing available resources to rid the sub-region of the deadly Ebola scourge which has left significant scars and injuries on the three nations.President Sirleaf further stated that despite the huge challenges posed by Ebola, the people of Sierra Leone have shown extraordinary courage and resilience which confirm their tenacity to build a vibrant nation.Madam Sirleaf expressed the hope that the cordial ties of friendship between the people of Liberia and Sierra Leone will be strengthened as the two governments explore new areas of partnership.She also prayed that the Almighty God will endow President Koromah with abundant wisdom and strength as he steers the affairs of his people.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
• Photo Gallery: Mosley vs. Collazo LAS VEGAS – “Sugar” Shane Mosley talked like he had found the secret to eternal youth during a conference call last week. He said he was so fast at the age of 35, it was scary. Mosley won by scores of 119-108, 118-109 and 118-109. This newspaper scored Mosley the winner, 117-110. Collazo, a so-called slick southpaw, figured to maybe prove problematic for Mosley, an orthodox fighter. But it was Mosley who was the slicker fighter. He spun away from trouble with deft moves, slipped inside for quick shots to the body without suffering much in the way of consequences, and he smashed Collazo repeatedly with a hard right cross to the head. Collazo (27-3) had a few good moments with an occasional left cross. But he was simply outclassed by Mosley, who already had won world championships in the lightweight, welterweight and super-welterweight divisions. “I hurt my left hand in the third round,” Collazo, 25, of Brooklyn said. “I hurt it in training camp. I wish I could have been more effective, but that was the best I could do.” Well, perhaps Mosley has taken a drink from the fountain of youth. Using a terrific combination of lightning speed, ring savvy and power, Mosley won the World Boxing Council interim welterweight belt with a unanimous decision over Luis Collazo in front of 5,761 on Saturday at Mandalay Bay. Collazo didn’t exactly bestow a heap of praise on Mosley. “Shane came to fight,” Collazo said. “He did his job.” Mosley did a job on Collazo. Whereas Collazo seemed to confuse Ricky Hatton when he almost beat Hatton last May, it was Mosley who was perplexing Collazo on Saturday. Mosley even dropped Collazo with a chopping right hand near the end of the 11th round. Collazo absorbed the punch, tried to stay on his feet but fell to the canvas after back-pedaling several feet. “Collazo is a tough fighter, a warrior,” Mosley said. “I knew I was faster than him and I could hit him with a quick jab. It felt good to be a welterweight again. I felt very light on my feet.” Technically, it had been 4 years, 7 months since Mosley had fought at the 147-pound welterweight limit. But two of his fights in 2005 were at 148 pounds. Mosley, who recently brought back his father Jack into his corner as trainer, said last week that he wants to fight until he is in his 40s. At the time, Jack Mosley laughed off that statement. But the way Shane Mosley looked Saturday, that scenario doesn’t seem too far from the realm of possibility. “I just want to keep working and stay tuned,” said Mosley, who is 44-4. “I plan to fight again in June.” Floyd Mayweather Jr. is the permanent WBC champion at this weight. But once he steps into the ring against Oscar De La Hoya on May 5 at super welterweight, Mayweather will lose his belt and Mosley will become permanent champion. Vivian Harris, a former World Boxing Association super-lightweight champion, earned the right to fight for the WBC super-lightweight belt by winning a unanimous decision over Juan Lazcano in the semi-main event. Harris won the title elimination fight by scores of 115-112, 115-112 and 114-113. This newspaper scored Harris the winner, 114-113. Harris, 28, of Brooklyn is 28-2-1. email@example.com (562) 499-1338 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
“We might be two wins away from the league but to be honest, I am not thinking about the title, they (players) are not thinking about the title. We need to keep playing like we have with the same passion and enthusiasm for all the remaining seven games,” Kerr told Capital Sport.Mathare United chairman Bob Munro had to intervene to convince Francis Kimanzi to go to the stands after being sent off. PHOTO/raymond MakhayaK’Ogalo faces Mathare United on Saturday afternoon at the Thika Sub-County Stadium. Coincidentally, on the same venue on April 30, Mathare beat Gor 1-0, the last time the Green Army lost a Kenyan Premier League clash.Kerr knows it will not be a walk in the park against the Slum Boys especially with the playing surface expected to pose a huge challenge with the current rains.“Mathare is a very good team. I have watched them play and I know they pose a lot of danger. They are a team fighting relegation and that makes them a very dangerous opponent. We need to go in there with a lot of caution and above all play like we have done the past few matches,” the tactician further noted.Mathare will be under pressure as they look to climb off the relegation zone as they have 27 points, three away from safety and history will be hugely stacked against them as they play in Thika.-Head-to-head-Gor Mahia striker Meddie Kagere celebrating after scoring the opener against Tusker FC. Photo/GOR MAHIAThey have only beaten Gor twice in 17 meetings, the April win coming eight years since the last time they won against K’Ogalo.Heading into the tie, Mathare has not won over the last five games, losing three and drawing two. Another loss at the hands of the title-chasing Gor would dampen their search for a survival ticket.A win would propel them to 30 points, same as 14th placed Zoo Kericho who will still enjoy a spot above due to their goal difference. Zoo will be hosting Ulinzi Stars at their Kericho Green Stadium backyard hoping to complete a double over the soldiers after beating them 2-1 in the first leg.However, arguably the biggest battle of this weekend’s Kenyan Premier League clashes will be down at the Moi Stadium in Kisumu when Western Stima hosts Thika United in a bottom of the table cock-fight.Thika United head coach Nicholas Muyoti gives instructions to his team at half time during their match against AFC Leopards on September 20 2017. Photo/TIMOTHY OLOBULUThe two sides are only separated by goal difference at 16th and 17th respectively in the standings and whoever wins on Sunday will move closer to avoiding relegation.Thika are boosted with the return of defenders Collins Okumu and Sammy Mejja while striker Onwudi Chibueze has been declared 100 percent fit to come in and aid head coach Nicholas Muyoti’s low firing frontline.“Having the three players is a relief for us ahead of this very important game. It is a crucial one and for us, the remaining seven games are of life and death. We need to give 100 percent and pick every point on the way. We have faith of surviving,” Muyoti said.The first leg played at the Thika Sub-County Stadium ended 1-1 but the return leg in Kisumu is expected to be feisty.-Relegation battle-Of the last 17 meetings between the two sides, Thika has won only three while Stima have won five, the rest ending in draws. The odds will be stacked against Thika with not only their not-so-decent record against Stima, but their away record this season as well.They have failed to win any of their 14 matches away from home this season, losing nine and drawing the rest.In other fixtures to be played this weekend, AFC Leopards will face Posta Rangers at the Narok Stadium with the hope of picking three points to boost their top five ambitions.Rangers on their side go into the tie having drawn all their last five matches while their winless streak runs down to 10 games. The last time they tasted victory was a 1-0 victory over Tusker FC in August.KPL weekend fixtures;Saturday: AFC Leopards v Posta Rangers (Narok Stadium), Bandari v Sofapaka (Mbaraki Complex, Mombasa), Kariobangi Sharks v Chemelil Sugar (Kasarani Stadium), Mathare United v Gor Mahia (Thika Stadium), Zoo Kericho v Ulinzi Stars (Kericho Green Stadium).Sunday: Kakamega Homeboyz v Nakumatt (Mumias Complex), SoNy Sugar v Nzoia Sugar (Awendo), Tusker FC v Muhoroni Youth (Ruaraka), Western Stima v Thika United (Moi Stadium, Kisumu).0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Gor Mahia head coach Dylan Kerr conducts a training session.NAIROBI, Kenya, Oct 13- Gor Mahia are just two wins away from a record 16th Kenyan Premier League crown with seven rounds of matches left, but for someone who has never won a league title in his entire coaching career, the excitement is miles away from jolting him into celebration.Dylan Kerr, the Gor tactician says he is not letting himself carried away and has copy-pasted the same message to his players, instead urging them to keep the focus and ensure they don’t drop the pot at the door step.
Arsenal said in an update on their official website ahead of their Europa League tie at Qarabag on Thursday that Gunners captain Cech had a “left hamstring injury” and was “expected to return to full training in three to four weeks”.The former Chelsea star has not made the trip to Azerbaijan and will definitely miss Sunday’s visit to Fulham, Arsenal’s last Premier League before an international break, and the home game on October 22 against Leicester.Bernd Leno produced an impressive display after replacing Cech against Watford and boss Unai Emery backed the German to prove a sturdy understudy.Leno arrived from Bayer Leverkusen during the close season, but before Cech’s injury had only featured in the Europa League and the League Cup.Arsenal also confirmed that Ainsley Maitland-Niles was expected back in full training during early October, quicker than initially suggested after he fractured his left fibula.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Arsenal captain Petr Cech will be sidelined for up to a month © AFP / Glyn KIRKLONDON, United Kingdom, Oct 2 – Arsenal goalkeeper Petr Cech has been ruled out for up to a month with a hamstring injury.Cech limped off late in the first half of Arsenal’s 2-0 win against Watford on Saturday after suffering the injury while taking a goal-kick.
Rooney, 33, said she had a suspicion of who might be the source of the leaks and blocked everyone apart from an Instagram page belonging to Vardy from seeing her stories.The wife of England’s record goalscorer told her 1.3 million Twitter followers she had worked out Vardy was the culprit after she had posted a series of false stories, some of which made it into The Sun.“Over 24 hours, this has escalated and escalated,” said Vardy, speaking to the Daily Mail from Dubai where she is on holiday.“I wasn’t going to say anything but it has gone so extreme.“I have been told that I should die, that my children should die, my unborn child should die. It would be unacceptable for anyone.“I am tough, but this has made me cry. It is hard to explain how horrible it has been.”Vardy, 37, said confronting Rooney had been a waste of time.“(It) would be like arguing with a pigeon,” said Vardy.“You can tell it that you are right and it is wrong, but it’s still going to s*** in your hair.“I said to her: ‘Coleen, what on earth have you done?’“It was not an easy phone call. She said to me: ‘I’m not pointing the finger’ and I said: ‘You have just annihilated me in public and hung me out to dry. The whole world hates me’!”“I thought she was my friend but she completely annihilated me. She said: ‘You know, I always really liked you, which makes it harder’.”0Shares0000(Visited 60 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Rebekah Vardy receives death threats over leak allegations © AFP / PAUL ELLISLONDON, United Kingdom, Oct 11 – Rebekah Vardy says she has received death threats even aimed at her unborn child since Wayne Rooney’s wife Coleen accused her of leaking stories.Seven-months pregnant Vardy, a reality TV star married to former England striker Jamie Vardy, told Friday’s Daily Mail she has received abuse via social media since Rooney went public with her accusations on Wednesday.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECasino Insider: Here’s a look at San Manuel’s new high limit rooms, Asian restaurant Moussa said Saturday that the league would an open an office “in the near future, urgently.” “The situation in Iraq is tragic, Iraq is facing dangerous challenges,” he said at a gathering of Arab League foreign ministers in Cairo. The league is planning to sponsor a second reconciliation conference, this one in Baghdad, in June. The league representation office is expected to be opened by the time of the conference and will be headed by the Moroccan diplomat Mukhtar Lamani, Arab diplomats said. Iraqi leaders are struggling to put together a government after December parliamentary violence amid a surge of violence – much of it sectarian – that has killed at least 500 people since last week. The diplomats, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive of the issue, also said Arab governments are discussing requests from the United States and Britain to send troops helping in peace keeping in Iraq. However, opposition to sending troops remains high among Arab governments. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! CAIRO, Egypt – The Arab League will open offices in Iraq for the first time since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion, part of its efforts to help reconcile the country’s Sunni Arab, Shiite and Kurdish communities, the league’s chief said Saturday. The United States has been seeking greater Arab involvement in Iraq, hoping to give legitimacy to the current government. But Arab nations were long reluctant, fearing participation would be seen as condoning the U.S. invasion, which many of them opposed. Iraq’s new Shiite leadership was also suspicious of the Arab League, seeing it as biased toward Iraq’s Sunni Arab minority. But last year, the league made efforts to get involved. Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa visited Iraq, then the league hosted a reconciliation conference in Cairo in November between Iraq’s Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish leaders.
DEAR DONEGAL,I left home 10 weeks ago. I’m 27 years of age. I worked hard at home and got no where. Every week I saw more news that simply depressed me more about my home county.I tried my best in Donegal. I tried harder than most. Eventually I got bored of the political situation, the job and work opportunity situation, the mentality of everyone at home (in Donegal). I stood back and watched as a great town (Letterkenny) fall apart. I left a few months ago and have found a certain freedom here in Australia.Never mind Ireland, let’s just concentrate on Donegal… The political system there is completely WRONG! The representatives we elected seem only bothered about stating what ‘should be said’, what about what NEEDS to be said??What about the people that live miles away from the nearest bus service? What about the people that won’t receive digital service from RTE in a year or 2??I know what I mention above seems trivial… But nobody seems to consider that Donegal people seem to speak in silent tongues! How embarrassing! How embarrassing that the people on Donegal are left out? Let no man say they are not…. Donegal IS BY FAR… THE FORGOTTEN COUNTY! Living away from home has given me great perspective. Poor Donegal, oh poor Donegal! Time to stand up, and rise up! Please do or else the future is gone, if not already!This may seem like a rant, but I’m sure a few will mind the famine… Sorry folks but history is repeating from where us lads are standing!From the lucky 3 in Oz! VIEWPOINT: LETTER FROM AUSTRALIA was last modified: July 29th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:VIEWPOINT: LETTER FROM AUSTRALIA
Ryan McHugh has been named Young Footballer of the Year.Ryan McHughThe young Kilcar player topped off a great year by picking up his award this evening.He was chosen by the members of the Gaelic Players Association. McHugh beat off stiff competition to receive his award from chairman of the GPA Dessie Farrell.He was joined at the glamorous function at Dublin’s National Convention Centre by members of his family.“I’m delighted to get it – it was a disappointing end but looking back we won Ulster and I’d like to thank everyone who voted for me.“Jim has left the legacy and it’s all about winning now and we think we need to be aiming for success. “I cant wait get back to training. The county board have a big task in filling Jim’s shoes,” he added.James O’Donoghue received the Player of the Year Award beating Donegal’s Neil McGee.Donegal’s Michael Murphy, Paul Durcan, Neil Gallagher and Neil McGee all picked up their All-Star awards. RYAN McHUGH NAMED YOUNG FOOTBALLER OF THE YEAR was last modified: October 24th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalRyan McHughYoung Footballer of the year
Sadio Mane (right) celebrates scoring the winner against Aston Villa on Saturday. (PHOTO/Courtesy)Liverpool maintained their six-point lead at the top of the Premier League thanks to a 2-1 come-back victory over Aston Villa on Saturday. Muhammad Trezeguet stunned the Reds with the opener inside the first 21 minutes but two late goals by Andy Robertson and Sadio Mane ensured Liverpool win the game. The victory takes them onto 31 points, six ahead of City in second.For Man City, they also came from a goal down to defeat Southampton 2-1 on the same day. James Ward-Prowse gave Southampton a shock 13th-minute lead but Sergio Aguero and Kyle Walker scored in the last 20 minutes to ensure City win the contest. City now have 25 points from 11 games.On the same weekend, Tammy Abraham and Christian Pulisic each scored once as Chelsea overcame Watford 2-1 away from home. Gerard Deulofeu grabbed the home side’s consolation with 10 minutes to play.None of the other big six sides won on the weekend with Arsenal drawing 1-1 at home to Wolves, Man United lost 1-0 away to Bournemouth while Tottenham conceded in injury time to draw 1-1 at Everton.Third spot on the log is currently occupied by Leicester City who beat Watford 2-0 on Sunday with Jamie Vardy and Caglar Soyuncu scoring the goals for Brandon Rogers’ side.Elsewhere, Brighton beat Norwich 2-0, Sheffield United were 3-0 winners at home to Burnley and Newcastle United held off West Ham to win 3-2 at the London Stadium.Here are the XI players who stood out according to Shaban Lubega.GK: Ben Foster (Watford)Another selection in between the sticks that will raise questions but I will goa with Ben Forster in goal. Despite conceding twice on the day, the Englishman made 8 saves, three of which will indeed have blown revelers away.RB: Kyle Walker (Man City)Assisted Sergio Aguero’s opener and netted the winner as Man City came from behind to defeat Southampton 2-1 on Saturday.LB: Andy Robertson (Liverpool)Probably the best left-back in the world currently, Robertson was at it again as he scored the equalizer in the 2-1 win over Aston Villa.CB: Caglar Soyuncu (Leicester City)Soyuncu was integral at both ends of the pitch, providing cover as Leicester kept a clean-sheet away to Crystal Palace. The Turk also scored the opening goal in the 2-0 winner.CB: Ciaran Clark (Newcastle United)Opened the scoring in Newcastle United’s victory over West Ham.MF: Jorginho (Chelsea)Assisted Abraham’s opener as Chelsea beat Watford 2-1 on Saturday.MF: John Lundstram (Sheffield United)Scored twice as Sheffield United thrashed Burnley 3-0.MF: James Ward-Prowse (Southampton).His side may not have won but Ward-Prowse was magnificent in the defeat to City on Saturday. The Englishman opened the scoring before the home side turned the game on its head.FW: Iys Mousset (Sheffield United).The Frenchman assisted all three of Sheffield United’s goals in the victory over Burnley.FW: Leandro Trossard (Brighton)Scored the opener and assisted the other as Brighton beat Norwich City on Saturday.FW: Sadio Mane(Liverpool)Mane has proved to be Liverpool’s most important player and on Saturday, set up Robertson for the opener before netting the winner deep into additional time.Comments Tags: Pml daily team of the weekpremier league
Two teams of geologists looked at the same volcano field in Nevada. One (1994) decided that the cones and lava flows formed during multiple episodes over tens or even hundreds of thousands of years. Another (2006) looked at the same evidence and decided everything probably happened within months. Who’s right?A team of six volcanologists from Los Alamos investigated Crater Flat, Nevada, and published their conclusions in GSA Bulletin.1 They think the earlier study was flawed. The way they see it, there was one eruptive episode that produced Red Cone, Black Cone and several others in the area, along with all their extensive lava flows. Just because lava flows look different, that doesn’t mean they happened at different times, they said; the differences could be due to varying initial conditions, like water content and thickness of the lava or degree of slope.Three major surface features—scoria cones, lava fields with abundant rafts of pyroclastic material, and lava fields with little or no pyroclastic material—experienced different posteruptive surficial processes. Failure to account for the different initial surface features can lead to erroneous conclusions about the relative ages of the surfaces based upon modern morphology. Conversely, the recognition of different volcanic surfaces provides the opportunity to study the effects of different initial properties upon posteruptive geomorphic processes. Contrary to previous interpretations that the individual volcanoes were emplaced by polycyclic eruptions (separated by thousands or tens of thousands of years), we argue that the Pleistocene Crater Flat volcanoes are monogenetic, each having formed in a single eruptive episode lasting up to a few years. We show that all eruptive products emanated from the areas of the volcanoes’ main cones rather than from scattered vents, as inferred by previous workers.Later in the paper, the authors said that the previous workers pointed to features that “would imply time gaps of many tens to hundreds of thousands of years.” By contrast, their scenario could have taken place in as little as nine months.Observations that they feel misled the earlier team included apparent secondary vents emerging through the lava flows, and different amounts and types of erosion from one flow to another. Valentine et al now say that these were not secondary vents at all, but either remnants of the original cone that got rafted downslope by lava flows from the base, or were “squeeze-up ridges, roughly parallel to the flow margin, caused by pulses of lava behind a slowing flow front.” As for the erosional differences, these could be explained by the consistency of the lava, the effusion rate and the degree of slope. In other words, all the observations could be fit within a single eruptive episode lasting days, weeks, months, or a few years at most.The authors believe these eruptions took place about a million years ago. This estimate, however, is based on magnetic data, not bulk appearance of the lava. They cherry-picked a date fitting the assumed potassium-argon (K-Ar) ballpark date into the nearest estimated period of magnetic reversal: “Flows of all of the volcanoes have reversed magnetic polarity, indicating that, if all the volcanoes are close to the same age, they are either older than 1.07 Ma or younger than 0.99 Ma (Fig. 2); for simplicity in this paper, we refer to the age of these volcanoes as ca. 1 Ma.” They did not question the dating of these magnetic reversals, however, which are subject to their own uncertainties.How certain are the potassium-argon dates? “Six independent K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar studies have been conducted since 1990 to determine the ages of these five volcanoes (Fig. 2), and the results are difficult to interpret,” they lamented. “Age estimates for any one volcano typically have uncertainties of 100-200 k.y. and a large range of individual age determinations, leaving a detailed understanding of the age relationships between volcanoes uncertain, as well as the possibility of a span of ages at individual volcanoes.” Their own research seems to illustrate the point.Volcanoes are common features around the world. Many can be witnessed in action today, from the liquidy fire-fountains in Hawaii, to the explosive stratovolcanoes like Mt. St. Helens. One would think the common types of volcanoes found at Crater Flat are well understood and their eruptive and post-eruptive processes have been thoroughly documented. Not so; in their introduction, the authors complained,Despite being one of the most common types of continental volcanoes and presenting hazards to urbanized areas, such as Mexico City (Siebe et al., 2004), and to the proposed Yucca Mountain radioactive waste repository (e.g., Crowe, 1986; Dartevelle and Valentine, 2005), the eruptive processes of small-volume basaltic volcanoes (composed of cones, lava flows, and fallout deposits with total volumes of ~1 km3 or less) have received relatively little attention in the volcanological literature. Much remains unknown about the ranges of explosive and effusive processes associated with their eruptions. The role of preexisting topography and the interaction between lava flows and cone building have not been explored in detail, nor has the influence of emplacement processes on posteruptive surficial processes.1 Valentine et al, “Small-volume basaltic volcanoes: Eruptive products and processes, and posteruptive geomorphic evolution in Crater Flat (Pleistocene), southern Nevada,” GSA Bulletin, Volume 118, Issue 11 (November 2006), pp. 1313-1330.Imagine you are a church-going high school student in Nevada in 1994, and your teacher takes your class out on a geology field trip to Crater Flat. Using information he just read in popular-science reviews of the 1994 paper, the teacher points out features of the lava flow, the cone, the amount and types of erosion – some gullies on the cone, rifts and rilles in the lava, slumping and overburden, mounds that look like secondary vents – to prove that there had been multiple episodes of eruption spanning tens of thousands of years – maybe even hundreds of thousands. He makes a convincing case. The evidence, after all, is right in front of you. It sure looks old. Some of the flows are highly degraded and overgrown with brush and sand, while others are fresh-looking and undisturbed. There are even younger-looking cones emerging from underneath the older lava.Your doubts about the Biblical chronology grow in proportion to your increasing admiration for science’s ability to describe the history of the world in vivid detail. The onslaught against your faith is supplemented by what your biology teacher is showing the class about evolution. Over time, you find you have slid gradually into belief in scientism. You go to the university and become a hardened evolutionist. Church and youth group and your former acceptance of the Bible’s history become distant memories. You take part in school board hearings to fight even weak attempts to add scientific criticisms to Darwinism in public education. You read Dawkins’s latest book, The God Delusion with a snicker at those poor suckers who rely on “faith” instead of “science,” who still believe the Bible stories of creation and the Flood that were once a part of your own happy childhood. Parents should not deceive their children like that, you ponder with anger mixed with sadness, and a touch of nostalgia.What is the likelihood that a little paper in GSA Today, appearing 12 years after your slide into atheism began, will cross your path? Its message, now unheeded, says, “whoops, we were wrong about those lava flows in Nevada; apparently they all formed within one year.” Even if you were to read it now, it’s probably too late. The furrow that began to be carved back then in high school has become a deep trench. You would probably brush this announcement off, even if you found it, with the thought that one paper doesn’t affect the mountains of evidence for evolution and millions of years.This is one way lives can be diverted from Christian faith by lies and misdirection, well-meaning as some of the sources may be, because they did not understand the limitations of scientific epistemology. We’ve seen testimonies like this by evolutionary scientists who grew up in Christian homes. Charles Darwin himself provides a classic example. Reading Lyell on the Beagle, he witnessed South American canyons that were interpreted to take long ages, when in fact, they were the result of catastrophic events. Similar stories abound today. Whether through peer pressure, lack of contrary information or whatever, students began to trust the words of overconfident teachers who present science as the truth, instead of a fallible, human attempt to seek for the truth about the natural world.For those still under the illusion that scientific knowledge is progressive, notice how this is a case of oscillation, not cumulative progress. An earlier (1981) study also concluded that the Crater Flat volcanic field was monogenetic, till the 1994 study overturned it. Now we’re back to the monogenetic story. No human can have any confidence that the story will not change again. If this were an isolated case, we might dismiss it as an anomaly. The authors told us, however, that these common types of volcanoes have received “relatively little attention” in the literature of the volcano experts, and that “much remains to be understood.” Those replying, “Well, at least we know the events took place a million years ago, not a few thousand,” haven’t gotten the message. Observations do not interpret themselves. The authors used the words interpret or interpretation 22 times, including a few statements that the data are difficult to interpret and can be misinterpreted. That includes the K-Ar dates and the magnetic reversals. Cone-shaped structures looked like vents to the earlier group of scientists, but like squeeze-up ridges to the other. Eroded channels in the cone implied long ages to one group, but differences in composition to another. Smooth, fan-shaped lobate deposits implied millennia of erosion to one group, but effects of initial conditions to the other.The potential for wide divergences of opinion in interpreting observations cannot be overemphasized. Almost every field of science has undergone a revolution since 1900. Even our concepts of atoms, the universe, the earth, and life are drastically different today than they were a century ago. We’ve seen many examples of radical reinterpretations of things in just the six years of Creation-Evolution Headlines. Does anyone believe that we have arrived at “the truth” about any of these fields, let alone the final word on these Nevada volcanoes?There’s nothing about the Crater Flat observations that is inconsistent with the view that these volcanoes erupted quite recently, but were just not witnessed by humans (or humans who kept written records). Don’t build your epistemology on the sand of “what scientists are saying today.” Don’t trust your future to the religion of scientism, the faith that fallible humans are making progress toward understanding the origin and fate of the Earth, life and the universe.For similar stories, see 10/25/2006 about Niagara Gorge, 10/15/2006 about instant gold, 08/08/2006 about ice cores, 05/10/2006 about Mt. St. Helens, 03/22/2006 about stromatolites, 03/05/2006 about Arizona lava flows, 06/27/2003 about ultra-pure sandstones, 07/22/2002 about Grand Canyon, and many more links on Geology and Dating Methods.(Visited 27 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0