Access to Justice: After ‘Gideon’

first_img Read Full Story Fifty years after the Supreme Court determined in Gideon v. Wainwright that criminal defendants must be provided with counsel, scholars and practitioners from around the country grappled with continued limits on access to justice during an Harvard Law School conference in April titled “Toward a Civil Gideon: The Future of Legal Services.”The keynote speech, given by Professor Gene Nichol of the University of North Carolina School of Law, explored how the Gideon case came about and what it has meant for access to justice. “Gideon sparks celebration, the way it should, but mainly it mocks us,” he said. “Between its marginalization on the criminal side and its brutal rejection on the civil side, it is at best the glass one-third full. And the two-thirds it leaves unsatisfied says more than any other stark reality about what sort of people we actually have become.”Watch Gene Nichol’s keynote, “Lessons from Gideon, and The Struggle for Access to Justice (requires QuickTime)The conference, which included HLS faculty and alumni, also considered the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Turner v. Rogers, in which a narrow majority decided that civil litigants who face incarceration for contempt do not automatically have a right to counsel. Participants also explored the unmet needs of civil litigants, including in foreclosure cases. Another panel addressed the effectiveness of pro bono efforts, both in America and globally, as well as offering an analysis of legal aid cases.Read more about the event on the Harvard Law School website.last_img read more

Family demands justice after Atlanta police fatally shoot Rayshard Brooks in the back

first_imgAs the crowd chanted for justice, the Georgia Assembly rebooted its 2020 session with a renewed call to pass a hate-crime law. Georgia is one of four US states without such a law, which increases punishment for offenses deemed to be racially motivated.The death of Brooks, and the separate shooting of a black jogger, Ahmaud Arbery, near the coastal town of Brunswick in February involving a former law enforcement officer, has driven calls for racial justice in Georgia.Atlanta Mayor Keisha Bottoms announced immediate reforms within the police department, including orders requiring police officers to de-escalate situations and requiring officers to intervene when they see a colleague using excessive force.Bottoms told a media briefing that she was heartbroken and angry over Brooks’ death.”It pissed me off, it makes me sad, it makes me frustrated and there’s nothing I can say that will change what happened Friday.”She said she could not wait for an advisory council to come up with police reform recommendations.”It was clear that we do not have another day, another minute, another hour, to waste,” she said, adding the police must find better ways to handle confrontations.Vince Champion, southeast regional director for the International Brotherhood of Police Officers, urged against a rush to judgment.”We don’t know everything. We are basing what we saw on a video that has no context to it,” Champion told Reuters. “I do believe that the powers that be – the mayor and the DA are just trying to appease the rioters.”President Donald Trump told reporters the shooting in Atlanta was “a terrible situation” and “very disturbing”.Call to a restaurantThe fatal encounter on Friday night began when police responded to a call Brooks had fallen asleep in his car in a Wendy’s restaurant drive-through lane.Caught on video, the encounter seemed friendly at first but when an officer moved to arrest him, Brooks struggled with him and another officer before breaking away across the parking lot with what appeared to be a police Taser in his hand.A video from the restaurant’s cameras showed Brooks turning as he ran and possibly aiming the Taser at the pursuing officers, both white, before one of them fired his gun and Brooks fell.An attorney for Brooks’ family, Chris Stewart, said the police should have let Brooks walk home rather than pursue and shoot him.”It didn’t have to go to that level,” he said. “Where is the empathy in just letting him walk home?”Atlanta’s police chief, Erika Shields, resigned over the shooting. The officer suspected of killing Brooks was fired, and the other officer involved was put on administrative leave.Prosecutors will decide by midweek whether to bring charges, Fulton County District Attorney Paul Howard said on Sunday.Brooks’ death reignited protests in Atlanta after worldwide demonstrations against racism and police brutality prompted by the death of black American George Floyd when a white Minneapolis policeman knelt on his neck for nearly nine minutes on May 25.Brooks’ widow, Tomika Miller, implored the public to protest peacefully in her husband’s name.”We want to keep his name positive,” she said. Relatives of Rayshard Brooks, many of them in tears, called for justice and “drastic change” in policing after a white Atlanta officer fatally shot the African-American man in the back, and the city’s mayor called for a shake-up in the force.The death of 27-year-old Brooks, which the Fulton County Medical Examiner’s office ruled a homicide, was the latest killing of a black man to spark nationwide outrage at police brutality and racial injustice.”We’re tired and we are frustrated. Most importantly we’re heartbroken, so we need justice for Rayshard Brooks,” his cousin, Tiara Brooks, said at a news conference. “The trust that we have in the police force is broken. The only way to heal some of these wounds is through a conviction and a drastic change in the police department,” she added.Relatives spoke of Brooks as a warm family man who loved to take his daughter skating. One man, after breaking down in tears, left distraught, shouting, “Somebody took my cousin!”More than 1,000 people marched on the Georgia state Capitol in Atlanta on Monday, calling for justice for Brooks and other slain African Americans.”We are going to take over the capitol every single day until they do their job,” the Rev. James Woodall, president of the state NAACP civil rights group, told the crowd, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and other media reported.center_img Topics :last_img read more

QPR line-up: Fit-again duo Carroll and Hoilett on the bench for Rangers

first_imgQPR boss Harry Redknapp has named an unchanged starting line-up for the game at Doncaster. Junior Hoilett and on-loan Tottenham midfielder Tom Carroll, both fit following injury problems, are among the substitutes. QPR: Green; Simpson, Dunne, Hill, Assou-Ekotto; Phillips, Jenas, Barton, O’Neil, Kranjcar; Austin.Subs: Murphy, Traore Johnson, Carroll, Henry, Hoilett, Onyewu.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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

IFC boost for cellphone banking

first_img22 November 2007The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has taken up a 10% stake in Johannesburg-based Wizzit Bank, which enables its customers to operate bank accounts using cellular phones, extending banking services to low-income earners as well as customers in rural areas.Wizzit, a division of the South African Bank of Athens, will use the funds raised to expand their cellular banking services, first in South Africa and eventually in other countries, enabling more people to participate actively in the economy.“Wizzit is a small bank with large ambitions,” Wizzit chairman Charles Rowlinson said in an IFC statement released on Wednesday, “We are proud that the IFC recognises our potential to reach the unbanked, promoting greater access to financial services and offering the poor greater opportunities.”The IFC is a member of the World Bank Group and promotes sustainable economic growth in developing countries by financing private sector investment and providing advisory services to businesses and governments.It will help Wizzit expand operations, determine new markets for its services, and develop penetration strategies, including identifying local partners.“Access to financial services is costly and limited in Africa, particularly in rural areas,” the IFC said. “Much of the population operates on a cash-only basis and outside of the formal banking system, even in a country like South Africa, which has a relatively sophisticated financial sector.”According to the statement, it is estimated that 40% of South Africa’s 47-million people have little or no access to formal banking. However, nearly 60% of South Africans do have cellular phones and this has created an opportunity to provide social and financial services over mobile networks.Wizzit Bank has capitalised on this opportunity, and now employs nearly 2 000 previously unemployed people, known as Wizz-kids, who have the good local knowledge and contacts that the company needs to market services directly to potential clients in neighbourhoods across the country.“Helping the financial sector become more inclusive by extending bank services to the poor is an important part of IFC’s strategy to strengthen Africa’s private sector,” said IFC chief executive Lars Thunell.“Wizzit’s innovative technology and marketing strategy are already having a strong impact by helping create opportunity for more South Africans.”A video on Wizzit is available on YoutubeSAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Africa pushes for true independence

first_img28 May 2013The leaders of the African Union’s (AU’s) 54 member states wrapped up their 21st summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Monday with a set of landmark decisions that they say will lead to a self-reliant continent that is at peace with itself.It was a historic summit for the continental body, as it coincided with the 50th anniversary of the Organisation of African Unity, the forerunner of the AU, established in 1963.The leaders accepted a report recommending that the AU explore rigorous alternative sources of funding in Africa, in addition to using South Africa’s membership of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) grouping is used to attract funding for infrastructure in Africa.They also agreed to made peace and security the continent’s top priority over the next 50 years.Own funding optionsThe idea of exploring alternative sources of funding for the AU has been under discussion for years among African leaders.The fact that the biggest chunk of the AU’s budget is sourced from donor partners, with some African members failing to pay their annual subscriptions, is seen as resulting in unjustified external influence over how the continent is governed.Former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo is spearheading the drive for financial independence from outside donors. The report of the High-Level Panel on Alternative Sources of Funding the African Union, which he chairs, has been approved by the heads of state and will be sent to the continent’s finance ministers to study and report back on at the next summit in January.Previously, the panel recommended a number of proposals for more sustainable funding, including a $2 tax on hotel rooms on the continent and a $5 levy on flights to and from African countries.“It can’t be business as usual,” said AU Commission chairperson Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma. “We can’t continue to depend on outside help … Yes, outside help is crucial and greatly appreciated, but we must also look at ways of making ourselves independent, and therefore it is very important that we also fund ourselves and our programmes.”Speaking at the conclusion of the summit, Dlamini Zuma said the summit had also come up with a plan to take advantage of South Africa’s membership of the economically powerful BRICS grouping to attract much-needed infrastructure funding for the continent.In March, South African President Jacob Zuma hosted various African leaders and members of regional bloc at a BRICS Leaders’ Africa Dialogue Forum on the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Durban.Peace and securityOn peace and security on the continent, Dlamini Zuma said the summit conceded that while the AU’s Peace and Security Council had made inroads in neutralising conflicts in some parts of the continent, more work needed to be done to avert crisis situations and humanitarian problems arising from such conflicts.Several countries, including Mali, Madagascar, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Sudan remain in constant conflict, and the AU has had to deploy peace-keeping troops to contain violence in these areas.“We believe sooner rather than later the guns should be silenced on our continent,” said Dlamini Zuma. “We need more dialogue with those who feel different; we need to find a way of having a discussion about our differences instead of resorting to conflicts and violence.”‘No tolerance for coups’AU chairperson and Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said conflict was standing in the way of Africa’s development.Expressing concern over the dangers posed by the unconstitutional seizure of power, something which is common in some African states, Desalegn said the days were gone when generals who took power by force and governed with the gun would be tolerated.“The summit called on all member states to activate rapid response mechanisms to deal with any threats of coups and other forceful means of governing. The summit agreed that unconstitutional change of governments should be averted and condemned where it happens. This is serious,” Desalegn said.“The situation in Madagascar and the recent development in Central African Republic are reflections of this worrying trend.“While noting the importance of looking for political solutions to these problems, I have no doubt that the non-acceptance of unconstitutional change in governance, will remain our firm position.”Source: SAnews.gov.zalast_img read more

Bafana set for Morocco visit

first_img27 September 2013Bafana Bafana will next be in action on 11 October, when they take on Morocco in a friendly international at the Agadir New Stadium in Agadir City. South Africa’s coach Gordon Igesund is looking forward to the outing.Morocco is following in the footsteps of South Africa and will host the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon). Bafana Bafana has been invited to be part of the celebrations to open one of the stadiums for the tournament.Igesund told the South African Football Association he was excited about the invitation.‘Two-pronged approach’“We go there with a two-pronged approach: to see conditions in Morocco as they are the next Afcon hosts and also to start preparations for the qualifiers of that tournament,” Igesund explained in a statement on Wednesday.“There are only two Fifa calendar dates between the CHAN (African Nations Championship) tournament and the September qualifiers in 2014, so it is important to take advantage of this invitation and also have a feel of how things are in Morocco.‘Strike a balance’“We would also take this opportunity to include some of the players who will feature in the CHAN tournament to strike a balance,” he added.Bafana Bafana will have to field its strongest available squad for the clash in Agadir City as per a contractual agreement between the Moroccan Football Federation and the South African Football Association (Safa).Memorable\       and South Africa shared a memorable contest in the Africa Cup of Nations in January. After a pulsating showdown, the teams drew 2-2, which left South Africa top of Group A after a win and two draws, and the Lions of the Atlas out of the tournament after three draws.The Moroccans took an early lead in Durban, with central defender Issam El Adoua giving them the lead with a header from close range from a corner. Certainly in the early going, the North Africans made Bafana Bafana look very nervous at set pieces.With time running out and tension mounting, South Africa were at last back on level terms in the 71st minute after May Mahlangu curled a wonderful shot past goalkeeper Nadir Lamyaghri which, with the way matters stood at that time, put Bafana Bafana on a path to the next round.Crowd silencedOnly 10 minutes remained, however, when Morocco again hit the front through substitute Abdelilah Hafidi, which silenced the huge, South African support momentarily.An animated coach Igesund urged his charges on and they found a response, levelling matters four minutes from the end of regulation time through a well-taken strike from central defender Siyabonga Sangweni.Finally, the whistle sounded to ensure South Africa’s progress and Morocco’s demise.SOUTH AFRICA vs MOROCCO  1998, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: SA 2-1 Morocco2002, Segou, Mali: SA 3-1 Morocco2004, Sousse, Morocco: Morocco 1-1 SA2013, Durban, South Africa: SA 2-2 Morocco SAinfo reporter and South African Football Associationlast_img read more

SoCal Ports Keeping Tabs on Maersk Boxship Retrofits

first_imgzoom Danish shipping giant Maersk Line and the US ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach have partnered to measure the environmental benefits of a USD 125 million upgrade for 12 Maersk container ships.The project, entitled “The Connected Vessel Programme”, will include the installation of high-tech equipment to track vessel emissions and energy efficiency over the next three years.The equipment is expected to enable more transparency and ultimately reduce the environmental impact of vessels calling at the San Pedro Bay port complex, Maersk Line said.Under their joint Technology Advancement Program (TAP), the two ports are contributing a combined USD 1 million to real-time tracking systems aimed at pinpointing vessel emissions while ships are at sea and at berth.The project will continuously record how much fuel each engine uses in conjunction with speed, engine power, weather and other operational variables through use of mass flow meters and an interface to the Integrated Control System (ICS) on-board to capture key performance data, Maersk Line said.Information will be uploaded to Maersk Line servers via satellite, and each ship will be able to communicate in real-time with Maersk Line’s Global Vessel Performance Centre (GVPC) to increase operational efficiency.“This is the equivalent of strapping a Fitbit onto a large container ship. We’ll be tracking vessel performance and emissions 24/7. This advances our ability to reduce greenhouse gasses and other pollutants on a global scale,” Lee Kindberg, Director of Environment and Sustainability for Maersk Line, said.The project builds on the USD 125 million Maersk Line has invested in its “radical retrofit” program to reduce fuel consumption and increase the capacity of the vessels that regularly call at the San Pedro Bay ports.Under its “radical retrofit” program, Maersk Line upgraded vessels that already plug into shore power at the San Pedro Bay ports. The additional improvements include redesigning the bulbous bow of each vessel, replacing existing propellers with more efficient models, and “derating” the main engines to make them more efficient at lower speeds.The retrofit program also involved raising the bridge to increase each ship’s capacity from about 9,500 TEUs to about 11,000 TEUs. This allows Maersk Line to carry more containers per vessel while decreasing their environmental impact per container moved.According to Maersk Line, the energy efficiency makeover is expected to decrease each ship’s fuel consumption by more than 10 percent, saving an estimated 10,000 metric tons of fuel on an annual basis. This would reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by an estimated 31,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year and lead to similar reductions of diesel particulate matter (DPM), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx).Maersk Line said that the retrofits and TAP demonstration project with the two ports will help the company reach its goal of a 60 percent reduction of CO2 and other pollutants by 2020.last_img read more

AET Petrobras Tanker Deal Valued at USD 645 Mn

first_imgMalaysian MISC Berhad (MISC) informed that the recently signed deal between AET Tanker Holdings and Brazilian petroleum corporation Petrobras has a value of USD 645 million.Under the long-term charter contract agreed between the parties, AET will own and operate four specialist DP2 Suezmax shuttle tankers from Petrobras.The units, to be hired under a firm charter period of 10 years, will be used for operations in international and Brazilian waters, MISC added.The four 152,000 dwt DP2 shuttle tankers will be built by South Korean shipbuilder Samsung Heavy Industries.The company is paying KRW 392.3 billion (USD 365.6 million) for the units, which are scheduled for delivery in 2020, the shipbuilder said in a stock exchange filing.Compliant to IMO NOx Tier 3 requirement, the new vessels will be in addition to the two AET DP2 ships currently on charter in the Brazilian Basin for Petrobras.last_img read more