Home Box / Architech – Architecture and Technology

first_img “COPY” Projects Architects: Architech – Architecture and Technology Area Area of this architecture project Photographs:  Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyText description provided by the architects. In the size of an internationally standardized freight container a wooden container has been developed with different variants for residential uses. The box can be shipped around the world and placed with standard lifting and transport systems for container. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyRecommended ProductsWindowsAir-LuxSliding Window – CurvedGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Printing in Art & SignageWindowspanoramah!®ah!38 – FlexibilityWindowsVEKAWindows – SOFTLINE 82 ADThe first HomeBoxes are experimental objects for construction: They use materials and construction methods which are not typical and almost all components are prototypes. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyUrban planning conceptThe HomeBox is designed as a movable home with different location and usage possibilities.   A vertically positioned box needs a small base area (‘footprint’) and could perhaps locate as a solitary ‘nomad’ in urban or rural sites.  HomeBoxes can be placed temporarily in gap sites between buildings and on fallow lands. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyThe HomeBox could be used as emergency shelter and also for major events such as the soccer World Cup, an Expo or Olympic Games as temporarily hotels or hostels. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyA group of HomeBoxes can create a (temporarily) container village with different urban configurations like streets, roads, squares, etc. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyWhy a wooden container?Worldwide are almost steel containers in use.  But wear, repair and maintenance of steel materials are more costly (in term of purchasing costs, welding, etc.) than for wooden materials. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyWooden constructions can be repaired cheaper and easier. Variation and adjustment to changing necessaries and conditions are easier and cheaper with wooden containers.  Live in wooden homes is healthier and more comfortable as in a home made of steel and wood is an environment-friendly material. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyThe internationally standardized dimensions of a container allow the worldwide transportation. A HomeBox is in design, installation and handling a house between a mobile home and a small house that could moving with his inhabitants. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyFunctional ConceptThe HomeBox 1 has three levels all of equal height, the HomeBox 2 has three levels with different heights and a third HomeBox with light cupolas is in planning. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyThe installation units like a sanitary room and pantry kitchen with the dining area are located in the lower level, the sleeping area in the middle level and the lounge area at the top level. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyHomeBoxes have a vertical split of the usage: entrance and more ‘public’ areas in ground floor and in the top ‘private’ areas with a view and sunlight. Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologySimple stairs combined the levels in the HomeBox but it is also possible to combine two or more boxes with only one stair.Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and TechnologyProject gallerySee allShow lessEl Pinar / Roldán + BerenguéSelected ProjectsMONU Magazine New Issue: Next UrbanismArticles Share CopyHouses•Italy ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/287696/home-box-architech Clipboard Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/287696/home-box-architech Clipboard Italy 2011 ArchDaily “COPY” 2011 Houses Save this picture!Courtesy of Architech – Architecture and Technology+ 28 Share Year:  Home Box / Architech – Architecture and Technology Year:  Area:  63 m² Area:  63 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Home Box / Architech – Architecture and TechnologySave this projectSaveHome Box / Architech – Architecture and Technology CopyAbout this officeArchitech – Architecture and TechnologyOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesItalyPublished on October 31, 2012Cite: “Home Box / Architech – Architecture and Technology” 31 Oct 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish- DI-NOC™ Glass FinishPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – Painted AluminumStonesCosentinoDekton® Surfaces – Chicago 444Exterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – CPXPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsHexapent Facade PanelDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Folding Door System – Rabel 3710 Super ThermalWall / Ceiling LightsLuminisCeiling Surface Lights – HollowcoreBenches / TablesUrbaStyleConcrete Bench – BoomerangMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?箱子房屋 / Architech – Architecture and Technology是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Hill House / Austin Maynard Architects

first_img 2012 Australia Photographs:  Nic Granleese Text description provided by the architects. Design is complex. There is little that is more complex to design than a home, however fundamental issues offer an architect a starting point; where is the sun? How do we capture it in winter, how do we exclude it in summer?Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsThe thin allotments that dominate Melbourne’s northern suburbs often provide indomitable constraints to solar access and therefore require the production of unorthodox ideas to overcome these constraints and convert them into opportunities.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsThe site faces north therefore relegating the backyard, the family’s primary outdoor space, to shadow throughout the year. In the 90s a two storey extension was added reducing solar access even further while creating deep dark space within the house. A family of five wished to create a long-term home, which could meet the requirements of three small children and their slow transformation into young adults over the years.Save this picture!© Nic GranleeseRather than repeating past mistakes and extending from the rear in a new configuration, the proposal was to build a new structure on the rear boundary, the southern edge of the block, upon the footprint of what had been, until now, the back yard. The new structure faces the sun employing passive solar gain. Saturating itself with sunlight. The new structure faces the original house. The backyard is now the centre of the house activated by the built form around it. The old house is converted into “the kids’ house”. The old house is as it once was. The rear of the simple masonry structure, though spatially connected, is not reoriented, a face is deliberately not applied. It is left honest and robust. With a restrained piece of “street art” to be applied.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsThomson street no longer provides the main entry to the home. Family now enters via the lane from Stanley Street. The original house, now private dormitory spaces, no longer has a typical relationship to the Thomson Street’s “front” door. The original house, as with most narrow blocks throughout Melbourne, demanded that visitors walked a long corridor past bedrooms to the living area. Stolen quick glances into dark private spaces always occurred along the journey. At the Hill House the entry is reorientated. The kitchen, the nerve centre, the hub of the house, is the new greeting point. Beyond is the park. Adjacent is the living space, the yard and the “kids’ house” beyond.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsFollowing the decision to build at the rear of the block a ubiquitous modern box was first imagined. Soon it seemed necessary to pursue the opportunity to activate this new, once shaded, now sunny facade. A seat along the new northern facade? Perhaps a series of steps like the Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti? But how does one lounge in the sun on steps. Perhaps a slope instead …. And the hill house evolved/emerged.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsAndrew is from Tasmania, a place dominated by its landscape. Built form is secondary and subservient to landscape. Melbourne is predominantly flat. Could this be why Melbourne’s architecture is adventurous? There is no landscape to confine therefore building is free to become landscape. Hill House is a response to this possibility. Melbourne is flat. If one is to explore the possibility of cantilevering off a cliff (a desire of many architects) one is forced to manufacture that landscape. A monolithic form is unsheathed from the hill and placed atop. A celebration of the synthetic, the manufactured. A simulacrum of both an undulating landscape and the pure architectural form. Strategically the architectural celebration of the pure cantilevered form acts pragmatically as the passive solar eave to the outdoor space below, cutting out summer sun, while letting winter sun flood in. It works even better than we thought it would.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsRescode is subverted and used as the catalyst rather than the compromise. Building in the rear of the yard requires a protected circulation path which, by necessity, generates a wall along the entire boundary. The code dictates that a boundary cannot be completely walled, however it can be completely fenced. A 2m high fence was created, but unlike most houses the hill house has a one metre wide fence; a corridor lowered into the site to achieve head height. This in turn creates a lowered dining area. One rises into the living space. The change in floor level creates a bench seat for the Maynard designed ZERO WASTE TABLE.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsOverlooking generates many awkward responses. Windows must be above head height rather than looking at the neighbours. The Hill House uses this to its advantage. The benefit of the structure being in the backyard is that it borrows landscaping from its neighbours’ gardens. The high windows about the entertainment cabinetry and the dining area are enveloped in trees. Internally one gets the sense that Hill House is enveloped by bush rather than part of the suburban mix.Save this picture!© Nic GranleeseSteel not only provides a solution for the architectural form explored, it is also the primary celebrated material within the small strategic palette applied. The black monolith is a continuous, full height steel truss. The monolith cantilevers more than it is grounded in the hill. The central truss is celebrated in the living space. The entire load of the second storey travels down the deliberately fragile tri-post in the dining area. The concealed steel posts beside the kitchen counter intuitively tie down the monolith, stopping it from falling forward, rather than taking downward load. The roofing is white colourbond, used strategically to reduce thermal load. The kitchen benches are steel, used deliberately as it is both robust and slowly revealing a beautiful patina of age. The hood around the hill opening is slender, strong steel plate clinically inserted. The door here pivots, seemingly defying gravity. The stair, the doors and the windows are all steel. From the large and robust to the fine and detailed, steel has been celebrated as both a structural solution and an aesthetic.Save this picture!© Nic GranleeseHill House is far more sustainable than first appearance suggests. It is a deliberate attempt to avoid any aestheticizing of the project’s sustainable credentials. The whole strategy was to get the house in the backyard to face the sun and to get passive solar performing optimally. All windows are double glazed and LowE coated. Low VOC plywood and farmed class one spotted gum line the internal walls of the building. The yard is water efficient – the use of synthetic grass with strategically placed garden patches create dense areas of planting, resulting in very little demand for water.Save this picture!© Nic GranleeseLong strips of windows to the East and West have been equipped with operable louvres. The north-facing facade consists of an entire wall of the same mechanically-operated louvres, providing the option of controlling cross-winds and sunlight. The grass on the hill envelops the ground floor in an additional layer of insulation; it is a thermal roof blanket, installed to supplement the existing insulation of the building structure beneath whilst also protecting the roof membrane. A white roof is used throughout to increase solar reflectance, sustainably reducing heat gain within the house.Save this picture!Courtesy of Andrew Maynard ArchitectsProject gallerySee allShow lessExtended Deadlines – Battery Conservancy Americas Design Competition 2012: Draw Up A…ArticlesH+ Bredgatan Winner of the WAN Awards 2012 Urban Regeneration / Erik Giudice ArchitectsArticles Share Architects: Austin Maynard Architects Year Completion year of this architecture project Hill House / Austin Maynard Architects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/294187/hill-house-andrew-maynard-architects Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/294187/hill-house-andrew-maynard-architects Clipboard CopyAbout this officeAustin Maynard ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabas3D ModelingMelbourneHousesAustraliaPublished on November 15, 2012Cite: “Hill House / Austin Maynard Architects” 15 Nov 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogLouvers / ShuttersTechnowoodSunshade SystemsRailing / BalustradesMitrexIntegrated Photovoltaic Railing – BIPV RailingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassWindowsVitrocsaMinimalist Window – GuillotineGlassLAMILUXGlass Roof PR60 PassivhausSinksBradley Corporation USASinks – Verge LVG-SeriesSealantsSikaConstruction Solutions in Stavros FoundationShower TraysAcquabellaShower Tray – Focus BetonPatios / TerracesFranken-SchotterPatios and TerracesCeramicsTerrealTerracotta cladding in Le TrèfleSkylightsFAKROWooden pivot roof windows FYP-V proSkySynthetics / AsphaltFirestone Building ProductsRoofing System – RubberGard EPDMMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?小山住宅 / Andrew Maynard Architects是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream “COPY” “COPY”center_img Hill House / Austin Maynard ArchitectsSave this projectSaveHill House / Austin Maynard Architects Save this picture!© Nic Granleese+ 33 Share ArchDaily Photographs Houses CopyHouses•Melbourne, Australia Projects Year: last_img read more

No Public Interest In Allowing Wines Shops To Remain Open During Lockdown :Karnataka HC Dismisses Plea

first_imgNews UpdatesNo Public Interest In Allowing Wines Shops To Remain Open During Lockdown :Karnataka HC Dismisses Plea Mustafa Plumber7 April 2020 3:04 AMShare This – xThe Karnataka High Court on Tuesday said there was no public interest involved in allowing opening of wine shops, especially when a large population is deprived of elementary requirement of food, during the lockdown period of 21-days. A division bench of Chief Justice Abhay Oka and Justice B V Nagarathna heard through video conference the petition filed by Late G B Kulkarni…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Karnataka High Court on Tuesday said there was no public interest involved in allowing opening of wine shops, especially when a large population is deprived of elementary requirement of food, during the lockdown period of 21-days. A division bench of Chief Justice Abhay Oka and Justice B V Nagarathna heard through video conference the petition filed by Late G B Kulkarni Memorial Legal Trust, through its President Dr Vinod G Kulkarni. The plea states during the lock down certain class of people are deprived of consuming alcohol in any form or quantity. Social drinking has been in existence in India from time immemorial and Hindu scriptures mention that people during that period did consume Soma Rasa, regularly. After the court declined to hear the petiton, Dr Kulkarni withdrew it and offered to contribute an amount of Rs 10,000 to the Chief Minister Relief Fund. The court directed him to pay the amount within two weeks and forward a receipt to the Registrar Judicial of the High Court. Dr Kulkarni a renowned psychatrist of international acclaim had in his petiton said that alcohol if consumed in limited quantities is a relaxant of the body and mind. Many people do social drinking of alcohol and they are not branded as ‘Alcohol Addicts’. Due to the lockdown the public is deprived of procuring liquor which is resulting in mental depression, anxiety, hysteria outburst and abnormal behaviour. Alcohol withdrawal can result in a dangerous condition called ‘Delirium’, which is a medical emergency with significant morbidity and mortality. Further, depriving social drinkers from alcohol amounts to violation of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The plea also mentions that there have instances in Karnataka, where people have committed suicide due to non-availability of alcohol. On April 2, The High Court of Kerala, stayed the order issued by the Kerala Government on March 30 as per which Excise Department can permit supply of alcohol to a person on production of a medical certificate to the effect that he is suffering from alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Justices A K Jayasankaran Nambiar had said “We are concerned that the State Government has taken a unilateral decision to administer more alcohol to persons suffering from alcohol withdrawal syndrome. This is disturbing. This is a recipe for disaster.” As per Kerala Government Order, a person should get a certificate from the doctor regarding alcohol dependency. The guidelines explained those having ‘alcohol withdrawal symptoms’ can approach the outpatient department of any government run hospital,including medical colleges. The consulting doctor can issue a prescription or ‘opinion’ in writing certifying that the patient is having withdrawal symptoms. Once the prescription is submitted to the excise department range or circle office, along with an application in prescribed format and government provided identity proofs, the ‘pass’ can be issued by the concerned authority. It is the duty of the excise office to inform the Managing Director of the Kerala State Beverages Corporation on the permit given to each and every patient. They also have to provide permissible levels of IMFL as per the ‘Abkari Act’ of Kerala. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Safety fears spark calls for park closure

first_img Facebook Safety fears spark calls for park closure Google+ Previous articleStudents able to review how grades were worked out todayNext articleGovernment finalising ‘Living with Covid’ plan News Highland DL Debate – 24/05/21 Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Pinterest Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ WhatsAppcenter_img By News Highland – September 14, 2020 AudioHomepage BannerNews Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Twitter WhatsApp A local councillor has raised concerns over the safety of a children’s play park in the Gweedore area.The local residents association of the playground in An Coitín Cois Cuain in Gweedore have said the equipment is not safe for use.While some of the equipment has been removed, Councillor Michael Cholm Mac Giolla Easbuig is calling for the park to be closed and a safety audit to be carried out by Donegal County Council:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Michdfhgfhfghgplayareaweb.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Pinterest News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programmelast_img read more

Data mine: The Ageing Workforce

first_img Comments are closed. Data mine: The Ageing WorkforceOn 10 Aug 2004 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article Data mine: The Ageing WorkforceThe Employers Forum on Age www.efa.org.uk Independent network of leading employers, which recognisethe business value of attracting experienced employees irrespective of theirage. Find out about campaigns and events, keep up-to-date with relatedlegislation such as the Age Discrimination Act, and join up yourself. Age Positive www.agepositive.gov.uk Online presence of the Age Positive team, which workswithin the Department for Work and Pensions to promote the benefits of amixed-age workforce. The website features case studies, useful facts andfigures, details on the New Deal 50 Plus, and a list of useful publications. FiftyOn www.fiftyon.co.ukWork-life balance and jobs website for those aged 50 and over. Employers canclick through to a special section in the jobs area and take a tour. If you arelooking for experience, then it’s worth checking out (it claims 70,000 users).It also carries an exclusive database of interim managers. Age INFO www.cpa.org.uk/ageinfo/worldres.htmlInformation service from the Centre for Policy on Ageing.Features the most comprehensive set of links on the subjectof ageing that we came across. They are not all employment related, butmany make valuable bookmarks. on Personneltoday.com Roundtable debate on age and retirement, led by South WestTrains HR director, Beverley Shears. www.personneltoday.com/goto/24161Interview with pensions minister Malcolm Wicks focusing on employing olderstaff. www.personneltoday.com/goto/21808 Related posts:No related photos.last_img read more

Glaciological and oceanographic calculations of the mass balance and oxygen isotope ratio of a melting ice shelf

first_imgGlaciological estimates of the ice supply to George VI Ice Shelf are obtained by integrating the accumulation over the catchment. The basal melt (or possible shelf thickening) rates for the ice shelf are calculated by balancing the accumulation with calving and melting. We calculate an average equilibrium melt rate for the ice shelf of 2 m a −1. If the ice shelf is in mass balance it alone provides 53 km3a −1 melt from its base compared to a total for Antarctica of only 320 km3a −1. The mean oxygen isotope composition of recent accumulation on the catchment is determined by using accumulation and isotope data, supplemented by temperature measurements and a close empirical relationship between isotope ratio and temperature. The catchment has a mean isotope ratio of −20.8‰ relative to SMOW. Oceanographic work has previously shown that the sea-water under the ice shelf at the north of George VI Sound is Warm Deep Water modified by melting ice. The melting ice has an isotope ratio of −20.3‰. The good agreement in isotope ratios suggest that the melting ice is from the catchment and because the basal ice of George VI Ice Shelf represents accumulation over the last few millennia the implication is that there has been no systematic change in the isotope composition of the accumulation during this period. This implies no secular change in either the elevation or the climatic temperature of this part of the ice sheet. read more

How the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill unfolded and its impact on the energy industry

first_img The Exxon Valdez tanker had a single hull – but legislation that resulted from the oil spill forced similar vessels to be double-hulled (Credit: NOAA) The year 1989 is often described as a turning point in political history as the fall of the Berlin Wall triggered the collapse of the Soviet Union – but there was also a huge impact on the energy industry after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.The disaster happened when an Exxon Shipping Company oil tanker crashed into the Prince William Sound Bligh Reef, just off the coast of Alaska, and spilled almost 11 million gallons of crude oil.It was the worst spill in US history until the Deepwater Horizon incident in 2010 in terms of volume but is considered the worst globally when assessing the environmental damage.The Exxon Valdez oil spill has been cited for “changing the oil industry forever” by making tankers safer and introducing new legislation that placed more responsibility on oil companies.The incident was brought back into public consciousness this week after it was compared to the Norilsk oil spill, when 20,000 tonnes of diesel leaked from a power plant in the Siberian city into a river within the Arctic Circle on 29 May – leading to a state of emergency being declared by Russia.Here, we take a look back at how the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill unfolded and its repercussions on the energy industry. How did the Exxon Valdez oil spill happen?Just after midnight on 24 March 1989, the Exxon Valdez tanker – which had left the port of Valdez, Alaska, bound for Long Beach, California, hours earlier loaded with 53 million gallons of Prudhoe Bay crude oil – struck the Bligh Reef.The collision tore open the ship’s hull, releasing 10.8 million gallons of oil into the Prince William Sound within the Gulf of Alaska.Within days, the oil had spread 1,300 miles along the coast, causing huge environmental and wildlife damage.The final wildlife death toll, according to National Geographic, included 250,000 seabirds, almost 3,000 sea otters, 300 harbour seals, 250 bald eagles, 22 killer whales and billions of salmon eggs.Birds killed by the oil spill (Credit: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council)“Populations of pacific herring, a cornerstone of the local fishing industry, collapsed, the magazine reported in April 2019. “Fishermen went bankrupt.”The financial loss from recreational fishing was estimated at $580m, while it cost the Alaska tourism economy $2.4bn and affected 26,000 jobs as the number of visitors hit a record low for almost a year.The reef was a well-known navigational hazard but an accident investigation found its commander Captain Joseph Hazelwood was not at the helm of the tanker – it was later found he was asleep in his room – when the accident happened, while the Third Mate failed to manoeuvre the vessel away from the reef properly due to a broken radar.It discovered the radar had not been working for a year prior and Exxon had not installed iceberg monitoring equipment. The Third Mate was also not qualified to take control of the ship, which was also under-staffed.In March 1990, Hazelwood was acquitted at trial of felony charges for being intoxicated but convicted of a single misdemeanour negligence charged – resulting in a $50,000 fine and 1,000 hours of community service. Cleaning up the oil spillIt was several days before the clean-up operation got underway and it was reportedly this delay that made the accident so catastrophic as efforts to contain the oil slick became impossible as it spread to more areas.More than 11,000 Alaska residents joined Exxon employees and federal responders to aid the clean-up, which took about three years and involved complex operations such as temporarily relocating marine life. Some 1,400 vessels and 58 aircraft were also usedThis cost Exxon about £2bn, while its bill for restoring habitats and compensating for personal damages totalled another $1.8bn. It also agreed to pay the State of Alaska and the US government $900m over a 10-year period in a civil settlement signed in October 1991.The clean-up operation following the Exxon Valdez oil spill lasted from 1989 to 1992 (Credit: Wikimedia/US Department of Defense)In an online profile of the episode, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says: “Many factors complicated the clean-up efforts following the spill.“The size of the spill and its remote location, accessible only by helicopter and boat, made government and industry efforts difficult and tested existing plans for dealing with such an event.”Clean-up workers skimmed oil from the water’s surface, helicopters sprayed oil dispersant chemicals and beaches covered in oil were washed with hot water.According to History.com, later studies found that aggressive washing with high-pressure, hot water hoses removed oil effectively but created more ecological damage by killing the remaining plants and animals.Experts have said it is impossible to fully clean up an oil spill in the ocean and local populations of some marine species like killer whales and seabirds in the Prince William Sound had still not recovered three decades later.Geological surveys also discovered oil remains buried just a few inches below sand and gravel and will likely remain present for decades.Marine Insight predicts about 20 acres of the Alaskan coastline remains polluted by sub-surface oil, which it says contains poisonous content that could harm marine creatures, flora and fauna if released. What was the long-term impact on the oil sector?The biggest immediate result of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in legislative terms was the passage of the Oil Pollution Act 1990, which increased penalties for companies responsible for oil spills.It also required oil tankers in US waters to have a double hull, making it less likely to spill oil in a collision like the single-hulled Exxon ship. The EU followed this lead by outlawing single-hull tankers in 2002.Today, all the world’s fleet of 12,000 to 14,000 tankers used for transporting oil, chemicals and LNG are said to be double-hulled.Another clause of the 1990 act prohibited any vessel that caused an oil spill of more than one million gallons after 22 March 1989 from operating in Prince William Sound – a key strategic route.Analysis by the ITOPF, an association of ship owners that responds to oil spills, found that incidents in which more than seven tonnes of oil has been leaked by tankers have fallen from 79 spills per year in the 1970s to six per year in the 2010s, while large spills greater than 700 tonnes dropped from 24.5 to two annually.It cited tougher regulations and better navigation equipment for the performance improvements, but increased offshore oil drilling has created new risks for leaks.“Marine oil spill containment and recovery technology improved tremendously after the Valdez, but not much has changed for at least the last decade,” National Geographic wrote in 2019.“Spills can be located faster and their movements modelled more accurately, but full containment and clean-up remains impossible.” The disaster led to the passage of the Oil Pollution Act 1990, which increased penalties for companies that spill oil into oceans and riverslast_img read more

BSB sets out its agenda

first_img’The Tesco Approach to Baked Products’ and ’Managing Change in a Family Business’ will be among the topics addressed at the British Society of Baking conference in October.Speakers at the event, which takes place on 8 and 9 October, include Nigel Doughty, MD of bakery chain Paul UK, food broadcaster and writer Tom Bridge, Mathiesons Bakeries MD George Stevenson and Tesco category manager Neil Franklin.On a more technical note, ’Crumb Structure Formation in Burger Buns and Soft Rolls’ will be tackled by John Cottrell, technical manager of ADM Milling, while Bakels’ product development manager Gary Gibbs will look into the demands of healthy bakery products.The autumn conference will take place at Coombe Abbey Park Hotel, Binley, Coventry.last_img read more

Cory Wong Welcomes Dave Matthews Band Saxophonist Jeff Coffin In Nashville [Listen]

first_imgOn Sunday night, guitarist Cory Wong and his band made a stop at Nashville, TN’s 3rd & Lindsley, and welcomed Dave Matthews Band saxophonist Jeff Coffin to add a dash of funk throughout the set.A few songs into the set, following “Welcome 2 Minneapolis”, Jeff Coffin joined Cory and his compadres on a few tunes from the Cory Wong catalog, including the recent Dave Koz collaboration, “Friends at Sea”, as well as a cover of Steely Dan‘s “Peg/Aja” medley. The highlight of Wong’s high-energy set came with The Optimist favorite track, “’91 Maxima”, as inflatable “air dancers” began to pop up during Wong’s scorching blues solo, with Coffin harmonizing the melody underneath Wong’s brilliant guitar work. Cory shared some thoughts on the collaboration, explaining:It was such a dream to play with Jeff. He’s such a legend and holds a really special place in my heart. When I was a teenager trying to figure out what to do with my life, my friend took me to a Bela Fleck and The Flecktones concert and it changed my life. It’s my favorite concert I’ve ever been too and the most potent musical experience I’ve ever had as an audience member. After that show, it opened my eyes to music being a viable option not just as a profession, but as a way to express art and join eclectic styles and backgrounds to make something special. It was a special moment to see the fans reactions and the whole audience light up. That’s why we do it! Hopefully what we’re doing is sparking inspiration to someone else out there as Jeff did for me when I was a teenagerListen to full-show audio of Cory Wong’s recent Nashville show below:Cory Wong – 1/13/2019 (Full-Show Audio)[Audio: Lightning 100]For ticketing information and a full list of Cory Wong’s upcoming tour dates, head to his website.Setlist: Cory Wong | 3rd & Lindsley | Nashville, TN | 1/13/2019Set: NFL sports theme // Overture, The Optimist, Welcome 2 Minneapolis, *Dial Up, *Friends At Sea, sales // jam band starter pack, Sidestep, Clouds, sales // smooth jazz starter kit, *Peg/Aja, *Jax, *’91 Maxima, Juke On JellyEncore: E Jam, Companion Pass* featured Jeff Coffinlast_img read more

The first autonomous, entirely soft robot

first_imgA team of Harvard University researchers with expertise in 3-D printing, mechanical engineering, and microfluidics has demonstrated the first autonomous, untethered, entirely soft robot. This small, 3-D-printed robot — nicknamed the “octobot” — could pave the way for a new generation of such machines.Soft robotics could help revolutionize how humans interact with machines. But researchers have struggled to build entirely compliant robots. Electric power and control systems — such as batteries and circuit boards — are rigid, and until now soft-bodied robots have been either tethered to an off-board system or rigged with hard components.Robert Wood, the Charles River Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Jennifer A. Lewis, the Hansjorg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), led the research. Lewis and Wood are also core faculty members of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University.“One longstanding vision for the field of soft robotics has been to create robots that are entirely soft, but the struggle has always been in replacing rigid components like batteries and electronic controls with analogous soft systems and then putting it all together,” said Wood. “This research demonstrates that we can easily manufacture the key components of a simple, entirely soft robot, which lays the foundation for more complex designs.”Introducing the Octobot “Fuel sources for soft robots have always relied on some type of rigid components,” said Michael Wehner, a postdoctoral fellow in the Wood lab and co-first author of the paper. “The wonderful thing about hydrogen peroxide is that a simple reaction between the chemical and a catalyst — in this case platinum — allows us to replace rigid power sources.”To control the reaction, the team used a microfluidic logic circuit based on pioneering work by co-author and chemist George Whitesides, the Woodford L. and Ann A. Flowers University Professor and a core faculty member of the Wyss. The circuit, a soft analog of a simple electronic oscillator, controls when hydrogen peroxide decomposes to gas in the octobot.Powering the Octobot: A chemical reaction Using a 3-D printer, Harvard researchers create an autonomous soft machine <a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8GGTtq2_NU” rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/Y8GGTtq2_NU/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a> “The entire system is simple to fabricate. By combining three fabrication methods — soft lithography, molding, and 3-D printing — we can quickly manufacture these devices,” said Ryan Truby, a graduate student in the Lewis lab and co-first author of the paper.The simplicity of the assembly process paves the way for designs of greater complexity. Next, the Harvard team hopes to design an octobot that can crawl, swim, and interact with its environment.“This research is a proof of concept,” Truby said. “We hope that our approach for creating autonomous soft robots inspires roboticists, material scientists, and researchers focused on advanced manufacturing.”The paper was co-authored by Daniel Fitzgerald of the Wyss Institute and Bobak Mosadegh of Cornell University. The research was supported by the National Science Foundation through the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at Harvard and by the Wyss Institute. And now, the hopping robot <a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1vkQ3SBwuU4″ rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/1vkQ3SBwuU4/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a> Related The research is described in the journal Nature.“Through our hybrid assembly approach, we were able to 3-D print each of the functional components required within the soft robot body, including the fuel storage, power, and actuation, in a rapid manner,” said Lewis. “The octobot is a simple embodiment designed to demonstrate our integrated design and additive fabrication strategy for embedding autonomous functionality.”Octopuses have long been a source of inspiration in soft robotics. These curious creatures can perform incredible feats of strength and dexterity with no internal skeleton.Harvard’s octobot is pneumatic-based, and so is powered by gas under pressure. A reaction inside the bot transforms a small amount of liquid fuel (hydrogen peroxide) into a large amount of gas, which flows into the octobot’s arms and inflates them like balloons.last_img read more